One of the most beautiful seasons in Mexico City is spring, when the city is painted purple with jacaranda flowers. However, few know how to plant such a tree at home.
Also known as mimosifolia, the jacaranda is a subtropical tree that grows best in sandy soil with great drainage. In addition, they can reach 20 meters in height with proper care.
Jacarandas bloom in spring, with flowers in shades of purple, purple, and blue.Getty Images
What are jacarandas?
The jacaranda or mimosifolia is a subtropical tree known for its beautiful purple or violet flowers. Being a southern tree, these grow best in humid or coastal areas. However, jacarandas do not usually occur in cold areas, below 5ºC.
Likewise, these trees prefer a sandy soil with great drainage, in addition to direct sunlight, which makes their flowers appear blue as well.
How and when should jacarandas be planted?
The best time of year to plant jacarandas is shortly before spring, when those that have already grown are usually pruned. However, the key to sowing them is the place and the seeds.
The seed that is the fruit of the jacaranda , has a circular shape with a kind of two caps. Being very hard, they must be soaked before planting.
Thus, the steps to plant a jacaranda are:
- Soak the seeds in water for at least a day.
- Put the seeds in the ground. It is important to do it in a place that receives direct sunlight, so that these germinate in two or three weeks.
- Water the jacaranda two to three times a week, watering the soil to keep it moist. After a month, the seeds should grow, thanks to watering and sunlight.
How should jacarandas be cared for?
There are several factors that help the jacaranda grow in the best conditions. Thus, the most common cares are:
Jacarandas are believed to bloom best when grown in poor soils, as excess nitrogen affects their bloom. For this reason, it is best to plant jacaranda seeds in sandy soils with good drainage.
Sun and temperature
Ideal conditions for jacaranda blooms include full sun and warm weather. Therefore, jacarandas should receive at least six hours of sunlight each day. Likewise, it is important to take care of them from the cold, especially temperatures below 5ºC.
Jacarandas tend to produce more flowers during droughts, and do best in sandy, well-drained soils. Although the soil must remain moist, it is important not to over water.
Protecting the jacaranda by planting it in a place where it is not exposed to the wind could help it bloom each year.
The jacarandas are transplanted each year in spring, using a pot of dimensions little by little larger than the previous ones until they reach a diameter of about 30 cm, to ensure that they grow year after year.
Problems with jacaranda trees are generally minor, ranging from some insect problems to weather-related problems. However, to avoid insect or flea infestations, potassium soap or neem oil should be sprayed on its leaves.
In spring, Mexico City turns purple with jacarandas.Getty Images
How long do jacarandas take to grow?
Jacarandas grow relatively fast and can grow up to 20 meters tall. On average, jacarandas grow 2 meters per year, reaching between 8 and 12 meters.
However, once it is 4 to 5 years old, it begins to slow down. The scattered branches can fill the entire space, making it a tree ideal for large gardens.